A Montessori classroom allows children to learn at their own pace. The core curriculum is divided into the following categories: Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Mathematics, Geography, Science and Art.
In Practical Life, children learn life skills. Activities such as pouring, sorting, measuring and sweeping allow children to practice fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination.
In Sensorial, children learn about sizes, shapes, colors, textures, smells and tastes. Each material isolates color, size, weight, shape, texture or sound, and helps build vocabulary. These materials also teach categorizing and organization.
In Language, children learn the phonetic sound of each letter in the alphabet. Once they are comfortable with phonetic sounds, they begin reading 3-letter phonetic words. Next, the children learn to read the Bob books. They read one-on-one with a teacher and then with parents or classmates.
Children also focus on pencil grip and the forming of letters. First they learn to write 3-letter phonetic words. Gradually children work their way to writing complete sentences and, eventually, to writing stories.
In Math, children learn numbers 1-5, then 5-10, then 10-20, then 20-100. They use hands-on materials to count, sort and measure. They also learn simple addition and subtraction problems. Through the use of the Bank Game, children can begin complex addition and subtraction problems.
In Cultural Studies, the class focuses on a different continent each month. Children learn the names of countries and where they are located within the continent. They study national flags, artifacts, cultural traditions, food and dress as well as natural habitats and animals within each continent.
In Science, the children learn about living and non-living things: mammals, birds, reptiles, spiders, butterflies, amphibians, sea life and the solar system. The children also learn to care for the school garden and the pumpkin patch.
In Art, the children have a chance to express themselves, exercise creativity and practice skills such as cutting, gluing, coloring, painting and sewing. The children's art projects reflect the season, monthly themes and current cultural lessons.
Additional Activities Include: